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Defined as corundum in any color besides red – due to the fact that red corundum is rather referred to as ruby – sapphire is one of the 4 gems previously considered “precious”. This term is seldom utilized today.

The name sapphire is originated from the Greek word for “blue”, and this remains, without a doubt, the color with which it is most associated. In truth, it is customary within the gem trade to just use the non-prefixed term in seclusion when referring to a blue stone.

While India’s Kashmir region is history’s most revered blue sapphire source, today’s finest royal blue and lighter cornflower blue stones are discovered in Myanmar and Sri Lanka respectively, with Madagascar having actually become the main producer in regards to amount. However, the majority of the lower-quality inky blue product is sourced from Australia, Nigeria or China.

Specified as corundum in any color other than red – due to the truth that red corundum is instead described as ruby – sapphire is one of the four gems previously thought of as “precious”. However, this term is hardly ever utilized today.

The name sapphire is originated from the Greek word for “blue”, and this remains, by far, the color with which it is most associated. As a result, it is customary within the gem trade for non-blue, or fancy, stones to be prefixed by their specific hue (e.g. yellow sapphire, etc.).

The most valuable fancy variety is the orangish-pink padparadscha from Sri Lanka, while the island is likewise the primary source for yellow stones. As pink sapphires are basically low-saturation rubies, they are typically discovered in the exact same regions as their famous red counterparts. Nevertheless, a just recently discovered deposit in Madagascar produces a much brighter magenta-colored product.

Meaning of Sapphire

The holy and splendid Sapphire, in all its celestial shades, is a stone of wisdom and royalty, of prophecy and Divine favor. It is permanently related to spiritual things and thought about the gem of gems, a jewel steeped in the history and tradition of nearly every faith. To the medieval and ancient world, Sapphire of heavenly blue symbolized the height of celestial hope and faith and was believed to bring defence, good fortune and spiritual insight. It was a symbol of power and strength, but likewise of kindness and smart judgment.
In Hebrew tradition, King Solomon and Abraham both used talismans of Sapphire, and the Law offered to Moses on the Mount was said to be inscribed on tablets of Sapphire. The Greeks wore it for knowledge at Delphi when seeking responses from the Oracle at Apollo’s Shrine. Buddhists believed it brought commitment and spiritual enlightenment, and the Hindus considered Sapphire as one of the “excellent gems” used in offerings in the temples for worship and to line up astrological impacts. In Christianity, it was used in ecclesiastical rings and was cherished by kings and nobility for its powers of defence and insight.

As a talisman, Sapphire was believed to preserve chastity, discover fraud and treachery, protect its user from toxin, afflict, fever and skin diseases, and had excellent power in withstanding black magic and ill-wishing. It recovered disorders of the eyes, increased concentration, and would lose lustre if worn by an impious or intemperate person. [www.sacred-texts.com]

Today Sapphire is still a Stone of Wisdom, a royal stone of learning, mental skill and psychic activation, a candidate after the spiritual reality. Sapphire’s power to transmute unfavourable thoughts and energy also makes it highly reliable for earth and chakra healing

Birthstone – Sapphire

The sapphire is the birthstone for the month of September. Sapphire, the birthstone of September, is most preferred in its pure, rich blue color but exists in practically every color consisting of pink, green and yellow. In the Middle Ages, the gem was thought to safeguard those near you from damage and also represented loyalty and trust.

How is sapphire formed?

No one is exactly sure how long ago rubies and sapphires were formed. The main deposits of high-quality sapphires and rubies are found only in a few locations, mainly southern Asia and eastern Africa and the islands of Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and Madagascar.

The answer as to what happened inside the earth to form these gems and then transfer them to the surface differs from country to nation, however, the story remains the same. Eventually, countless years ago, source rocks inside the earth’s crust were subjected to intense pressures and heats, triggering the atoms to recombine into brand-new metamorphic (changed) rocks that included rubies and sapphires (corundum ). Later on, the moving crustal plates and emerging volcanoes carried these rocks to the surface area.

Sapphires form when molten rock deep underground starts to cool off after an episode of volcanism or tectonic deformation (metamorphism). This happens extremely gradually, over millions of years, because the lava body is well insulated by the surrounding rock and stays at an extreme heat for a long period of time. It’s also under significant pressure. Crystals form inside the lava as liquified components connect with each other and the outside rocks and start to come out of service. In external zones where a little molten rock has pressed into cracks in the native rock and heated up any water that was there, a similar formation is underway as the distributing hydrothermal fluids cool.

Corundum is a basic oxide and usually starts to take shape pretty early while doing so when aluminum integrates with sufficient oxygen to stabilize the ion charges in both aspects. This ionic bond is really strong, and makes this crystal really hard, 2nd only to diamond on the Mohs scale, and about 4 times as dense as water. Corundum is also very stable, and the mineral is unaffected by acids or high temperatures.

The colors of sapphire take place since its structure enables alternative of various metal ions for the aluminum. Pure corundum is colorless, and if some titanium enters it through a charge transfer procedure, it will still have no color. A star sapphire is made when the crystal consists of needles of titanium dioxide that are aligned ideal for the optical impact of asterism (the six-pointed star).

A touch of chromium (which likewise gives those sapphires people prefer to call rubies their deep red shade) can yield the unusual and valuable pink-orange padparadscha sapphire. When chromium and iron are both present, mauve and purple sapphires form (vanadium can likewise cause a purple color, but it is extremely uncommon in natural sapphires). Iron by itself will turn the corundum light yellow or among the other fancy sapphire colors. When the crystal consists of both iron and titanium, the lovely blue sapphire is born.

Natural sapphires are discovered as three-sided crystals (trigonal), colored sections of a larger corundum crystal, or as pebbles washed down into a stream bed after the softer rock formation where they, when were, has weathered away.

The deep, velvety blue that usually enters your mind when we think about sapphires is discovered in stones from Kashmir, for this reason, the name Kashmir blue for gems that might or may not come from that area, however, do have the ideal color. There is a significant irregularity in sapphire colors throughout the world.

No one is precisely sure how long ago rubies and sapphires were formed. At some point, millions of years back, source rocks inside the earth’s crust were subjected to high-temperature levels and extreme pressures, triggering the atoms to recombine into brand-new metamorphic (changed) rocks which included sapphires and rubies (corundum ). A touch of chromium (which likewise gives those sapphires people prefer to call rubies their deep red color) can yield the rare and valuable pink-orange padparadscha sapphire. When chromium and iron are both present, purple and mauve sapphires form (vanadium can likewise cause a purple color, however, it is really unusual in natural sapphires).

Sapphire Characteristics

  • Hardness – 9.0
  • Transparency  – transparent to opaque
  • Color – White, Colorless, Blue, Green, Yellow, Orange, Brown, Pink, Purple, Gray, Black, Multicolored
  • Chemical composition of sapphire – Aluminium oxide, Al2O3
  • Crystal system – Trigonal
  • Crystal habit of sapphire – As crystals, massive and granular
  • Physical properties of sapphire
  • Specific gravity – 3.9-4.1
  • Refractive index – 1.76 – 1.77
  • Pleochroism – strong

Blue sapphire 

Gemstone color can be described in regards to hue, saturation, and tone. The shade is typically understood as the “color” of the gemstone. Saturation refers to the intensity or brightness of the shade, and tone is the lightness to darkness of the color. Blue sapphire exists in various mixes of its main (blue) and secondary colors, different tonal levels (shades) and at numerous levels of saturation (intensity).

Blue sapphires are examined based upon the pureness of their primary color. Purple, violet and green are the most common secondary hues found in blue sapphires. Violet and purple can add to the total beauty of the color, while green is thought about to be noticeably negative. Blue sapphires with as much as 15% violet or purple are generally stated to be of great quality. Gray is the typical saturation modifier or mask found in blue sapphires. Gray decreases the saturation or brightness of the color, and for that reason has a distinctly negative effect.
The color of fine blue sapphires might be referred to as a brilliant medium-dark violet to purple-blue where the main blue hue is at least 85% and the secondary hue no greater than 15%, without the least admixture of a green secondary shade or a grey mask.

Sapphires of other colors

Sapphires in colors other than blue are called “fancy” or “parti colored” sapphires
Fancy sapphires are frequently discovered in yellow, orange, green, brown, purple and violet shades.

Particolored sapphires are those stones which display 2 or more colors within a single stone. Australia is the biggest source of particolored sapphires; they are not frequently used in mainstream precious jewelry and stay reasonably unknown. Particolored sapphires can not be produced synthetically and just take place naturally.

Colorless sapphires have traditionally been utilized as diamond replaces in jewelry.

Pink sapphires
Pink sapphires come in very pale pastel pinks to intense and dynamic hot pinks. Pink sapphires are colored by traces of chromium.

Padparadscha
Padparadscha is a delicate, light to medium toned, pink-orange to orange-pink hued corundum, initially found in Sri Lanka, but likewise found in deposits in Vietnam and parts of East Africa. Padparadscha sapphires are uncommon; the rarest of all is the totally natural variety, without any sign of artificial treatment.
The name is stemmed from the Sanskrit “padma ranga” (padma = lotus; ranga = color), a color similar to the lotus flower (Nelumbo nucifera).
Natural padparadscha sapphires frequently draw higher costs than much of even the finest blue sapphires. Just recently, more sapphires of this color have actually appeared on the marketplace as a result of a new artificial treatment technique called “lattice diffusion”.

Yellow Sapphire
After blue sapphires, yellow sapphires are the most looked for after color in today’s fashion jewelry industry. While consumers tend to choose a yellow sapphire color that is a medium, dynamic canary yellow, a deep, orangish yellow (whisky color), is extremely valued in some Asian markets.

The most typical cause of the yellow coloration in a sapphire is the trace aspect iron. Yellow sapphires can likewise be colored naturally by low-level radiation within the earth or by lab-induced irradiation. Heat treatments have greatly increased the supply of yellow sapphires on the market today.

Yellow sapphires frequently have fewer inclusions than other sapphire colors, and are held to higher clarity than other sapphire colors. Yellow sapphire’s openness and clearness is vital to the worth of the sapphire.

White Sapphire
White sapphires are completely colorless sapphires. Sapphire gets its color from the trace elements present within the earth when the crystal is forming.

Purple Sapphire
Corundum can be discovered in a range of colors; however, it is just considered to be a sapphire when it is not red. Red corundum is referred to as a ruby. Throughout the formation of corundum, the coloring of the stone is dependent upon what minerals are present.
the existence of vanadium will produce purple sapphires.

Common Inclusions in Sapphire

Blue sapphires generally have some inclusions, but they normally have much better clarity than rubies. Blue sapphires with very high clearness are unusual and extremely valuable.

A number of types of inclusions are found in sapphires. Other clearness qualities in sapphire are consisted of mineral crystals, partially healed breaks that look like fingerprints, color zoning, and color banding.
Normally, inclusions make a stone less valuable. The cost can drop significantly if the inclusions threaten the stone’s sturdiness. Nevertheless, inclusions can really increase the worth of some sapphires. Much of the most important Kashmir sapphires consist of tiny inclusions that give them a velvety appearance. They scatter light, triggering the sought after visual effect without negatively impacting the gem’s transparency.
Star rubies and star sapphires come from the remarkable corundum category. The star result is called asterism. It’s brought on by reflections from tiny, needle-like inclusions that are oriented in numerous particular directions. Stars are normally comprised of 2, 3, or 6 converging bands, resulting in 4, 6, or 12 rays.
Hematite inclusions cause asterism in black star sapphires. The sapphire’s color is, in fact, yellow, green, or blue, however, the inclusions make it appear dark brown or black.

Several types of inclusions are discovered in sapphires. Even so, inclusions can, in fact, increase the value of some sapphires. Many of the most valuable Kashmir sapphires include small inclusions that offer them a velvety appearance.

Common sapphire cutting styles

Well cut sapphires will display the best of their color for that gems whilst improving their lustre and sparkle. A sapphire of dark color will more most likely be cut shallower to allow more light to show within the gemstone, softening and brightening the color. When the sapphire is raised and tilted at angles, it needs to produce bright color flashes as it moves, with a couple of to no dull spots revealing.
The most common shapes of sapphires are normally oval, round, cushion, and emerald. The cabochon cut is likewise common as a non-faceted, sleek option. This shape displays the sapphire as a smooth oval, convex dome, and is the very best method to flaunt a star sapphire’s asterism.

Treatment of sapphire

Today, practically all corundum that goes into the market has actually been treated to enhance its clearness and color. Many buyers accept this reality and gladly purchase treated gems. Nevertheless, many purchasers have a strong desire for gems that are completely natural in look and have actually not been treated in any way. They are buying a natural treasure and desire it to display its natural appeal. For this reason, they are highly selective in their shopping.

Neglected gems are constantly more valuable than cured stones of equivalent color and quality. In addition, dealing with stones may have various care and cleaning requirements. For these factors, any treatments that have actually been done to a gemstone should be disclosed to the purchaser in advance of a sale.

Heat Treatment
The earliest and most typical sapphire enhancement is heat treatment, and the majority of the sapphires in the market have been heat-treated or thermally enhanced in heating systems. Heat treatment is utilized to enhance a sapphire’s color, get rid of color zoning, and improve clarity.
Some heat treatment procedures are relatively moderate, including temperatures of about 400 degrees Celsius for short periods of time. These are frequently used on pink sapphires from the mines of Madagascar and might also be applied to Madagascar’s desired padparadscha sapphires.
Over the last couple of decades, heats in excess of 1700 degrees Celsius has actually been used to sapphires, which enhance their clearness by dissolving silk as it improves color. The outcomes can be dramatic, transforming pale stones into ones with vibrant, saturated colors. Well-informed gemologists will have the ability to discern whether a sapphire has been subjected to this sort of extreme heating.

When corundum is heated up to between 1200-1600 degrees Celsius, star sapphires can be produced or enhanced, nevertheless, given that the need for transparent rough has increased in current years, treatments to create asterism are not regularly experienced.

While some consumers have learned to accept heat-treated stones, even without disclosure, connoisseurs reward those uncommon stones that reveal fine color and clarity without this improvement.

Irradiation
Another sapphire treatment is irradiation. This is done by exposing gem materials to a source of strong radiation. As an example, irradiation can change pale yellow sapphires into stunning orange gems. One disadvantage of irradiation is that it is frequently not irreversible. Irradiated sapphires will sometimes fade slowly in time or during prolonged exposure to light.

Lattice Diffusion
Lattice diffusion is another treatment used to improve the color of sapphire. At high temperatures, foreign atoms can diffuse into the lattice of sapphire crystals. In the crystal lattice, these atoms can alter the way that light passes through and alter the sapphire’s color.

In 2001, gem dealers in Thailand began offering African sapphires in brilliant yellow, orange, and pink colors without any treatments revealed. The colors were outrageous however gorgeous, and experienced sapphire purchasers ended up being suspicious. The Thais were warming the gems in the presence of beryllium that diffused into the crystal lattice of the sapphires.

This scenario produced a trust problem in the sapphire market. Today, most sellers of lattice-diffusion sapphires offer correct disclosure, and industrial buyers have more understanding of potential treatments to safeguard themselves and their customers. This is another reason for retail buyers to patronize knowledgeably and relied on suppliers.

Over the last couple of decades, high temperatures in excess of 1700 degrees Celsius has actually been used to sapphires, which enhance their clarity by dissolving silk as it improves color. Lattice diffusion is another treatment used to enhance the color of sapphire. In the crystal lattice, these atoms can alter the way that light passes through and change the sapphire’s color.

Synthetic Sapphire

Lots of people confuse the word “synthetic” with “imitation.” In a lot of cases, that’s inaccurate. “Synthetic” usually describes something in nature that is developed, element for the part, in a regulated laboratory environment. Such is the case with some gems.

Sapphires are made from corundum, both in nature (where they’re mined) and in labs (where they’re harvested once the fixed development period is over). Because no synthetic product is used to change the corundum used to create sapphires, synthetic and genuine sapphires are equivalent from one another by solidity and visual characteristics alone.

The development of synthetic sapphires followed the discovery of synthetic kinds of corundum and the intro of synthetic rubies in the late 1800s.

Considering that their very first uses in the commercial market, synthetic sapphires have actually been created in various gem laboratories as a cheaper and more easily duplicated alternative to naturally formed sapphires.

Lab-created sapphires do not scratch or chip more easily than the natural stones and are valued for their quality.

Properties determining the value of sapphires

Color
For many years, gemologists have looked for more universal and objective methods of examining color in sapphires. As an outcome, the evaluating of a sapphire’s color depends on 3 dominating elements: the gemstone’s tone, hue, and saturation. Frequently, several colors can be found in the exact same sapphire.

Color is the gem’s standard color. While a sapphire’s color may be described as blue or yellow, regularly gems are a mix of shades. For example, blue sapphire can have violet or green secondary color parts that affect their appeal and worth. The hue of these sapphires would be more properly described as violetish-blue or greenish-blue.

Tone, which explains how light or dark a stone’s color is, will likewise influence a sapphire’s worth. The favoured tones for sapphires vary from color to shade, but most great sapphires have a medium to medium-dark tone. Sapphires that have a really dark tone are often described as “inky.”.
Saturation explains how pure or extreme a color appears, and it is an essential element in identifying a sapphire’s worth. The color of sapphire may be “watered down” with what is called a “saturation modifier.” With cool colored sapphires like blue, green, and violet, grey is the typical saturation modifier.

With warm colored sapphires, consisting of yellow, red, and orange, the typical saturation modifier is brown. Despite the sapphire’s shade, greater levels of saturation are chosen, which indicates modifiers do not dilute their color. The finest sapphires have “vibrant” saturation, however, sapphires with “strong” saturation are also prized.
A variety of other elements might also contribute to the obvious color of a sapphire. For example, specific inclusions can actually improve the color of a sapphire. Minute needles of rutile silk are extremely reflective and they scatter light within the stone, which may improve the evident color.

Clarity
The clarity of a sapphire begins to establish at the very earliest phases of its development. Sapphires form under really particular conditions within the earth’s crust. They can take centuries to form through the process of the existence of corundum in igneous rock that slowly changes and cools with time.
As these developments are cooling, big crystals of minerals can form from what is present within the magma. The more gradually the cooling happens, the bigger the sapphire will grow. The conditions under which magma cools are most likely to present changes in pressure and environmental aspects that produce inclusions in the sapphires.

The existence of these inclusions and trace element develops the special color and general look of each colored gemstone. As a result, each sapphire is genuinely distinct and no 2 will ever be the exact same or have the exact very same internal structure.
In order to judge the clarity of sapphire, the size, location, quantity, and overall look of inclusions are of the greatest importance. Inclusions can impact the sapphire’s beauty and lustre in both favourable and unfavourable ways, so it’s crucial to comprehend inclusions. For that reason, we have a more extensive conversation of inclusions on our site.

While diamonds are valued for their absence of inclusions, all of gems are anticipated to have a particular amount of inclusions as a result of their natural crystal development. When evaluating clearness for a sapphire, the grading of “eye-clean” is the optimal clearness, implying no inclusions show up to the naked eye.

” Eye-clean” sapphires are exceptionally rare and important, especially when even the finest gems are not expected to be devoid of inclusions even when viewed under 10x zoom. For that reason, even gradings that are “very slightly included” or “slightly consisted of” will be beautiful gemstones.

Cut
Like many transparent gems, sapphires expose their full charm when they are cut. Since sapphire rough is so valuable, customers and dealerships accept gemstones without the accuracy cuts required of great diamonds.

Carat weight
Big gemstones are harder to find than smaller ones. The impact of carat weight upon sapphire value varies from color to color. Yellow sapphires are comparatively plentiful in sizes above five carats, however five-carat padparadscha sapphires are exceptionally tough to come by.

As with any gemstone, per carat rates increase with overall carat weight. Anticipate high increases in the cost per carat at the one, three, 5, and ten-carat levels. Great blue, orange, pink, or padparadscha sapphires that go beyond fifteen carats are especially important and can bring very high rates at auction.

Fine quality sapphire rough is very expensive, so quality stones are not typically cut to adjusted sizes since it could result in a considerable loss of weight. Industrial quality sapphires are most likely to conform to standard adjusted sizes.

Because sapphires have a high specific gravity, a one-carat sapphire will appear smaller sized than a one-carat diamond.

The preferred tones for sapphires vary from hue to color, however many great sapphires have a medium to medium-dark tone. The finest sapphires have “brilliant” saturation, however, sapphires with “strong” saturation are likewise prized.
Specific inclusions can, in fact, enhance the color of a sapphire. The result of carat weight upon sapphire worth differs from color to color. Yellow sapphires are comparatively abundant in sizes above five carats, however, 5-carat padparadscha sapphires are very difficult to come by.

Price of sapphire

History of sapphire

Sapphires have actually been prized as great gemstones since 800BC. When believed by the Ancient Persians to be the pedestal on which the world perched, and which gave the sky its colour, sapphires have been connected with myth and legend throughout human history. And a great poet once described the sapphire as “heaven of a clear sky just minutes after sundown.”
Blue sapphires were a holy stone to the Catholic church and to Ancient Persians, who believed they made the sky blue with their reflections. Sapphires are stones of the apocalypse, and ancient tradition held that at the tablets upon which the Ten Commandments were written, were actually sapphire.
Kings used sapphires around their necks as an effective defence from harm. They preserved the wearer from envy and drew in magnificent favour. In the 12th Century, the sapphire was referred to as the most proper stone for ecclesiastical rings. The Cingalese thought that the star sapphire acted as security and a guard against witchcraft. The excellent Oriental tourist, Sir Richard Francis Burton, had a big star sapphire which he described as his “talisman,” for it always brought him great horses and prompt attention anywhere he went. Just the mere sight of the stone was thought to bring luck and he revealed it to people all over he went. King Solomon used a sapphire ring. And in contemporary times, the sapphire grew popular as we saw Prince Charles give a sapphire engagement ring to Lady Diana.

Souces of sapphires

The finest quality blue sapphire that commands the highest auction rates originates from Kashmir and Mogok, Myanmar. These sapphires are seldom seen on the marketplace. The bulk these days’ supply originates from Sri Lanka and Madagascar, with some additional supply from Thailand, Tanzania and Australia.
Both Sri Lanka and Madagascar produce sapphires in a wide range of colors. The enormous sapphire deposits discovered in 1998 in the small town of Ilakaka came as a complete surprise and led to a kind of gemstone fever, not unlike the gold rush of California in the mid-19th century.
The finest Kashmiri and Burmese rubies show exceptional color and clarity with no thermal treatment. Some Sri Lankan sapphires are likewise unheated. Nevertheless, the huge majority of the sapphires on today’s market, whether from Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Tanzania or Thailand, have actually been heat treated to enhance the color and clarity.
blue sapphires from Burma are extremely valued by collectors. Over time, gem fans have actually come to believe that any blue sapphire from Myanmar should be superior to others in quality, and they have actually been willing to pay higher rates for stones from this source.

It is not always a good idea to pay premiums for sapphires from distinguished areas. Quality is figured out by a gem’s look, not the mine that it comes from. The intrinsic natural appeal must be the key factor when it pertains to choosing a stone.

Gemologists have numerous methods of determining the origin or provenance of techniques and gemstones continue to improve, identifying origin is not an exact science. Reasons for error are easy: sapphires from most of the popular areas around the globe have internal characteristics that are fundamental in several areas since geologically these locations are close to one another. Sapphire come from a myriad of sources and they can be found in an excellent variety of colors as well!

Famous Sapphires

Star of India

Weighing in at 563.35 carats, the Star of India is one of the largest sapphires in the world, with a unique star shape that appears on both sides.

Lagoon Blue Sapphire

Once owned by Mrs John A. Logan (a prominent US Congressman’s wife), it is 422.99 carats, internally flawless, and the second largest faceted blue sapphire in the world.

Blue Giant of the Orient

At 466 carats, the Blue Giant of the Orient is the largest faceted sapphire in the world. In 1907, it disappeared under mysterious circumstances and only resurfaced this century.

Princess Diana’s Sapphire and Pearl Choker

Originally given to Princess Diana as a brooch by the late Queen Mother, Princess Diana quickly turned this stunning gem into an eye-catching choker featuring seven strands of pearls.

Stuart Sapphire

The cabochon-cut sapphire weighing 104 carats is part of the Royal Crown Jewels of Queen Elizabeth II, and was acquired by her ancestors in the 14th century.

Rockefeller Sapphire

The Rockefeller Sapphire is prized for its rich cornflower blue hue and is so named for John D. Rockefeller Jr.

Princess Diana’s Saudi Sapphire and Diamond Suite

One of the late princess’ most photographed jewellery pieces, Princess Diana received this fantastic suite of sapphire jewellery from the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia for her wedding to Prince Charles and was worn on multiple occasions and diplomatic events.

Kate Middleton’s Sapphire Engagement Ring

And lastly, who can forget Kate Middleton’s sapphire engagement ring, which sparked a sapphire engagement ring frenzy worldwide?

How to choose a quality sapphire?

You need to figure out what kind of blue sapphire you desire as soon as you’ve chosen that you want to get a blue sapphire. Each stone is unique and different.

Sapphires are an alluring alternative to diamonds. They can be found in every color of the rainbow, from vivid blues to womanly pinks. Another factor to consider sapphires: they’re more economical, which enables you to purchase a larger sapphire on the same spending plan.

When selecting the best sapphire, the most essential factors to think about are color, shape, and size. There are no standard measures like the 4C’s for diamonds. Rich, deep blue is the most beloved sapphire color, and is the color most people prefer. The saturation of the color is likewise a key sign of the quality of the sapphire. Sapphires with an even color command a premium over lighter, less saturated sapphires or darker, inkier ones. In addition, make sure the sapphire you select has no inclusions, or small flaws, visible to the eye.

For sapphire center gems, many shapes are readily available. Overall, the most popular shapes are round, oval, and cushion. The basic size for around sapphire is 6mm– the equivalent of a. 75 carat diamond. 8x6mm oval sapphires are also an excellent choice.

Sapphire engagement rings frequently include diamond accents and/or engraving information to offer additional complexity and contrast. Three stone sapphire and diamond engagement rings, which include a center sapphire flanked by a diamond on either side, are a popular option. For a luxe look, think about sapphire halo diamond rings, which feature diamond accents that surround the center gem. Kate Middleton’s sapphire halo engagement ring, for example, features an oval sapphire surrounded by 14 round diamonds. Sapphire and diamond rings are constantly a luxe and unique choice.

Engagement rings featuring dynamic sapphires alone also have a unique appeal, enabling the eye to be drawn towards the solo, sparkling center gem.

How to tell if it’s a real sapphire?

Sapphires are among the most highly coveted and valuable of all colored gems and demand for sapphires is constantly on the rise. When searching for a sapphire, you might discover the terms natural, synthetic and imitation. It goes without saying that of the 3, natural sapphires are the most preferable and have the greatest value.

While there’s absolutely nothing wrong in purchasing an imitation or synthetic sapphire, what matters is that the origin is divulged to you which you are charged the proper cost for the stone. It is likewise important to have some techniques up your sleeve so you can distinguish between these three to some degree.

Synthetic sapphires are produced by people in laboratories utilizing sophisticated technological processes. They are equal chemically, structurally and optically to natural sapphires. These can be developed within weeks and are more affordable than their natural counterparts.

Synthetic sapphires aren’t fake; they are real sapphires. Some shoppers prefer synthetic gemstones since they are more sustainable and ethical.

An imitation sapphire is a stone that looks quite like sapphire but is different in every other way. These are typically less resilient and much less important. Some typical compounds used in place of sapphires are blue colored glass, cubic zirconia and blue spinel. Tanzanite, which is an uncommon and important gemstone, has actually likewise been used as imitation sapphire.

Something else to look out for is composite sapphires likewise called lead glass filled sapphires which are produced by combining low-grade corundum with glass. The low-grade corundum is really bad quality sapphires that cannot be sold as precious jewelry. Glass is utilized to fill the spaces and cracks and hold the entire structure together. The resulting gemstone looks precisely like sapphire however has extremely poor resilience.

Look for Scratches
Sapphire is one of the most long-lasting gems utilized for jewelry, second to just diamonds. It has a hardness rating of 9 on the Mohs scale. This means that any substance with an equivalent or lower firmness ranking can not scratch a sapphire. Glass is only 5.5, spinel is 7.5-8 and cubic zirconia is 8.

If your sapphire shows scratches or nicks, the possibilities of it being fake are high. Try scratching the surface of the stone with a key or coin. If this leaves scratch marks, the stone is most likely glass. A genuine sapphire can not be scratched in this method.

Try to Find Flaws
Natural gemstones generally tend to have inclusions. As a natural gemstone, minuscule traces of foreign matter are bound to enter into the stone. This is one key differentiating factor in identifying synthetic and natural sapphires.

Utilize a magnifying glass or a jeweler’s loupe to look for imperfections and defects within your sapphire. Check for little flaws or specks within the stone. These are an indication that your stone is real.

Lab-created sapphires are usually perfect in their composition. The inclusions can not be duplicated in a laboratory so if your stone is flawless, there’s a high chance it is synthetic.

Bubble and Line Inclusions
There is a high chance that it is glass or composite sapphire if you see little air bubbles caught within the stone. Make sure to view the stone from all angles as some air bubbles might only show up from particular angles.

Likewise, examine if there are any thready white interconnecting lines within the stone. This could be an indication of composite sapphire.

Attempt the Breath Test
This is a basic test, but it can provide you with an indication regarding the integrity of your sapphire. Take your sapphire and breath on it gradually and deeply. Check to see how long it takes for the fog to vaporize.

If the sapphire is genuine, the fog must disappear extremely rapidly, in about a second or two. This is because sapphires are naturally good at carrying out heat. A fake stone will take about 5 seconds or more to vaporize.

Take it to an Expert
If the price tag of the stone demands it, it is best to take your sapphire to a professional gemologist to determine if it is fake or genuine. When the sapphire has been assessed using gemological tools, you will be provided with a certificate of appraisal. This report will detail all the specifications of your stone in addition to its’s origin and any treatments that may have been done to it.

A certified sapphire is also simpler to resell as the certificate warrants for its authenticity.

Do sapphires increase in value?

As physical gemstones have an intrinsic value, but they are progressively viewed as a lucrative investment chance too.
The value of coloured gems like emeralds, sapphires and rubies has actually increased by more than 500% over the last 10 years. And they’re still increasing! Low to moderately priced gems can make a good investment as they have a higher potential to increase in worth.
In 2004 a 30-carat Sri Lankan sapphire cost Bonhams London for ₤ 11,950. Yeas later, a comparable 30-carat Sri Lankan stone sold for an impressive ₤ 326,500.

If you do choose to invest in gems there might be insurance coverage implications if you use them or keep them at the house. Keep in mind that the worth of gems is likely to go up, so you’ll need routine evaluations too.

Demand has seen the worth of some coloured stones increase by more than 2,000 per cent over the last ten years, with leading auctioneers now branding them a better financial investment than diamonds.

Celebs such as Kate Middleton, who happily wore a Ceylon sapphire once owned by Princess Diana as her engagement ring, have actually driven the trend.

A-list stars Beyoncé, Naomi Watts, Rosamund Pike and Mila Kunis have also played their part by flashing their cherished coloured gems on the red carpet.

As the gems are much rarer than diamonds the surge in need – particularly from Asia – has played a considerable part in increasing their price.

Can sapphire jewelry be worn daily?

How to clean sapphire jewelry?

Warm, soapy water is always safe. Ultrasonic and steam cleaners are usually safe for untreated, heat-treated, and lattice diffusion treated stones. Fracture-filled, cavity-filled, or dyed material should only be cleaned with a damp cloth.

Untreated and even heat-treated sapphire is very durable.

Fracture-filled stones have surface-reaching fractures filled primarily with high-lead content glass. The filler can be damaged through contact with a variety of chemicals. Even relatively mild substances like lemon juice can cause alteration of high-lead content glass.

The number of sapphires filled with high-lead content glass is much lower than the number of rubies. In some cases, the amount of glass filler in sapphire can be quite extensive. Sapphires treated this way require greater care than untreated, heat-treated, or lattice diffusion treated sapphire.

What are the more affordable alternatives?

Blue sapphire – amethyst, blue topaz

Pink sapphire – toumaline